ERD Electron Donors

emulsified vegetable oil (EVO), EDS-ER

Long-lasting Electron Donor

EDS-ER™ (electron donor solution – extended release)

EDS-ER™ (Electron Donor Solution, Extended Release) is a long-lasting source of carbon and hydrogen required for enhanced reductive dichlorination and other bioremediation processes. 100% of the EDS‑ER™ you buy will serve as a fermentable substrate to create the right aquifer conditions for anaerobic remediation. When mixed with water, EDS-ER™ spontaneously becomes an emulsified vegetable oil (EVO). That said, most EVO products in the market are shipped as concentrated emulsions containing water. EDS-ER™ is shipped without water, typically reducing shipping costs by 50%.

At room temperature, EDS-ER™ is a liquid material with an appearance, viscosity and freezing point similar to vegetable oil. Unlike common EVO products that freeze at ~0°C and require preservatives, EDS‑ER™ is preservative free and has a shelf life of over two years without spoilage. EDS-ER™’s characteristics and benefits include:

  • Spontaneously forms a high-quality, low-droplet size oil-in-water emulsion that easily and uniformly disperses in the aquifer
  • Easily mixes with water, simplifying field operations
  • The product can be injected into existing wells or via direct push
  • A slowly fermenting product than can provide electrons for up to five years
  • Contains refined, bleached, and deodorized (RBD) food-grade soybean oil
  • Preservative free
  • Long shelf life
  • Lower transportation costs when compared to other EVO products
  • Up to 50% less packaging material required
  • Lower carbon footprint

Fast-acting Electron Donor

Nutrimens®

Nutrimens® provides reduced carbon and a wide array of beneficial vitamins, minerals, and metabolites to microbes for enhanced bioremediation of contaminated sites.  It can be utilized in groundwater remediation efforts using the liquid or granular formulation or in bioreactors and constructed wetland treatment systems to improve remediation of effluents and surface waters for various metals. 

Our Nutrimens® product is a better choice than yeast extract. Besides its role in increasing the rates of bioremediation, addition of Nutrimens® increases the efficiency of electron donor utilization. Nutrimens® provides a source of sugars, proteins, vitamins and amino acids contained in yeast cells and extracellular metaboliteswhich will decrease the remediation time.  In addition, Nutrimens® has also been demonstrated to aid in maintaining circumneutral pH.

EDS-QR™ (Electron Donor Solution – Quick Release)

EDS-QR™ is a fast-acting, completely soluble amendment engineered for enhanced reductive dechlorination of chlorinated solvents or any other anaerobically degradable substance.  Our EDS-QR™ product is USP Kosher Grade 99.7% purity USA sourced from an ISO Certified Plant.  A key benefit is that EDS-QR™ provides more electron equivalence per pound than sodium lactate, so you buy and ship less product.  With 99.7% organic carbon, 60 lbs. of EDS-QR™ provides the same amount of carbon as 100 lbs. sodium lactate.  EDS-QR™ is an ideal choice for projects that are on a fast track.  One injection will typically enhance biological activity for 2 to 3 months.

Bioaugmentation Cultures

The complete reductive dechlorination of chlorinated ethenes yields non-toxic ethene as a final product. Absent the right bacteria, you could see an accumulation of vinyl chloride. Although not necessary at every site, Tersus Environmental recommends the use of KB-1® family of bioaugmentation cultures.

KB-1® is a consortium of microbes that is extremely effective in completing the reduction of chlorinated ethenes to ethene. Bioaugmentation leads to faster bioremediation, which means more efficient use of electron donors and reduced O&M requirements, thereby lowering overall project costs.   The KB-1® family of bioaugmentation cultures is the most widely used in the world for remediating chlorinated solvents.  We would be happy to provide you with references at your request.  

Supplements

Vitamin B12

Dhc cultures require the cobalt-containing transition-metal coenzyme vitamin B12.  It is reported that optimal dechlorination and growth occur at vitamin B12 concentrations ranging from 25 to 50 micrograms per liter (25 µg/L) (Stroo et al., 2013).   Vitamin B12 is not commonly found in simple substrates such as emulsified vegetable oil (EVO) and at considerably lesser amounts in micronutrient blends.  To answer the growing demand for vitamin B12 and to provide for flexibility in adding vitamins in the field, Tersus offers Cyanocobalamin (Vitamin B12 USP) packaged in 100-gram tins.

L-Cysteine

For an enhanced reductive dechlorination project with bioaugmentation, geochemical conditions for the anaerobic water should meet the following requirements:

  • Redox levels [ORP] below -75 mV
  • Dissolved oxygen levels less than 0.2 mg/L
  • pH between 6 and 8.5

Tersus provides amino acids (L-Cysteine) to create anaerobic water for your bioaugmentation projects.  We suggest a dosage between 0.05% and 0.1%.  We suggest doing a small bucket test first to confirm the dosage required.